If legislators do not act to expand Medicaid, more than 300,000 poor South Carolinians will be left without health care coverage, advocates for the expansion told a Senate panel this week.
Groups representing the poor, mentally ill, disabled and retired residents told senators it’s about providing access to health care that enables them to work and be active. The panel did not debate the issue or take any action. No legislation yet exists and Gov. Nikki Haley opposes the expansion. The state cannot afford the 10 percent match that would eventually be required, she has said.
When the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the federal health care law, it made the expansion an option for states, rather than mandatory.
Terri Harris, director of Conway’s Friendship Medical Clinic, says the expansion would increase the number of patients the clinic could help.
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“We serve people who are low income or they’re not working or they’re (on) disability,” Harris said.
If Medicaid is expanded, a certain percentage of Friendship Medical’s patients would be eligible, and the clinic could serve other needy families.
“And that would be a good thing,” she said.
Joyce Hrynyk was laid off in February 2012 and hasn’t been able to find a job or health insurance since then. She was on a six month waiting list before getting into the Friendship Medical Clinic.
“There needs to be a change because there are too many people who are in desperate need of healthcare. We need to get healthcare for people,” Hrynyk said. “It’s been really, really rough trying to keep up on medications. I would love to see them expand Medicaid to more people. There needs to be some sort of change with it because there are too many people without healthcare. Even if they are working they can’t afford insurance.”
Not expanding it creates a “doughnut hole” of people left fending for themselves, between those who are poor enough to qualify for Medicaid and those who can get subsidies, said Sue Berkowitz of Appleseed Legal Justice Center.
In South Carolina, parents qualify for Medicaid if their take-home pay is up to 50 percent of federal poverty guidelines. The expansion would increase coverage to 138 percent and include childless adults. The new income limit would be roughly $15,400 for an individual and $30,650 for a family of four.
Depending on the eligibility requirements, Harris expects 10 percent to 12 percent, or 20 percent to 25 percent, of Friendship’ patients could start using Medicaid.
If there is one drawback, Harris thinks, it’s funding. She said the federal government would initially help the state with Medicaid funding, but that would eventually dissolve. From there, it could fall to higher taxes in order for the Palmetto State to support the expanded coverage.
The federal government would pay 100 percent of medical expenses for newly qualified enrollees from 2014 to 2017, then the federal share would be reduced to 90 percent by 2020, with each state paying the balance.
On Thursday, Haley touted her Medicaid agency’s plan to fully reimburse rural hospitals for treating people without health insurance, as a way to stabilize rural hospitals that struggle to stay open.
Haley and director Tony Keck said the policy focuses support on hot spots of poor health.
“For too long, the money hasn’t followed the problem,” said Keck, director of the state Department of Health and Human Services.
South Carolina has distributed a $461 million federal Medicaid fund for uncompensated care to hospitals equally, covering nearly 60 percent of their costs for uninsured patients. Starting in October, 18 small, rural hospitals will be reimbursed 100 percent. That would expand to 19 if the Bamberg hospital reopens. The policy will shift about $20 million annually to hospitals that have a much higher share of patients who can’t pay and are much sicker, Keck said.
“If we lift these areas up, we lift up all areas of South Carolina,” the Republican governor said.
Haley and Keck insisted the decision was unrelated to the debate over whether to expand the federal-state health insurance program to cover tens of thousands of uninsured people under the federal law known as Obamacare – something the Republican governor refuses to let happen.
“It’s about doing the right thing,” Keck said.
But, Democratic state Rep. James Smith called it a distraction to the bigger issue of increasing poor people’s access to primary health care that helps people avoid expensive emergency room visits.
“Providing more ER care is what we want to get away from,” Smith, D-Columbia, said. “This is not going to fix health care in South Carolina.”
Keck agreed the policy alone won’t make people healthier, calling it one of many initiatives. And he contends the non-rural hospitals will end up receiving higher reimbursements too.
Even without expanding who’s eligible for Medicaid, the state expects 160,000 additional already-eligible people to enroll rather than face fines under the federal health care law. Others who get a federal subsidy to help them afford private health care will further decrease the number of people showing up uninsured in emergency rooms, Keck said.
Yet, the $461 million fund won’t shrink for several years, he said.
“By then, the number of uninsured is greatly reduced,” he said, acknowledging that the law’s impact is uncertain.
Troy Campbell of Williamsburg Regional said the new policy will help his hospital stay open, hopefully providing the money to make up its typical annual shortfall of $1 million. He said the hospital came close to closing earlier this year, but stayed open after employees agreed to take a 10 percent pay cut.
“We struggle just to make ends meet,” Campbell said. “We think it’s a great idea. It’s outside the box.”
Staff writers Brad Dickerson and Tonya Root contributed to this report.